Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD)

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common viral illness of infants and children, and sometimes seen in adults and older children too. HFMD causes fever and blister-like sores in the mouth and-or skin rash. HFMD is often confused with foot-and-mouth (also called hoof-and-mouth) disease, a disease of cattle, sheep, and swine; however, the two diseases are not related—they are caused by different viruses. Humans do not get the animal disease, and animals do not get the human disease.


What Causes HFMD

How Is HFMD Spread

Factors that Increase the Chance for Infection or Disease


Treatment and Medical Management

There is no specific treatment for HFMD.

Symptoms can be treated to provide relief from pain from mouth sores and from fever and aches:

Prevention of HFMD

A specific preventive for HFMD is not available, but the risk of infection can be lowered by following good hygiene practices.

Vaccination Recommendations for HFMD

No vaccine is available to protect against the enteroviruses that cause HFMD.


Trends and Statistics

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